ASTM-A876 › Standard Specification for Flat-Rolled, Grain-Oriented, Silicon-Iron, Electrical Steel, Fully Processed Types
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This specification covers the detailed requirements for specified grades of flat-rolled, grain-oriented, fully processed low-carbon silicon-iron electrical steels, whose low core loss and high permeability in the direction of rolling have been achieved by appropriate metallurgical processing. These steels are primarily used in transformer cores operating at moderate to high magnetic flux densities at commercial power frequencies. The ASTM core-loss type designations for the electrical steels covered here are 18G041, 23G045, 27G051, 30G058, 35G066, 23H070, 27H074, 30H083, 35H094, 23P060, 27P066, 23Q054, and 27Q057. Steels may be acquired in any of four conditions, classified according to a combination of material form and surface type or treatment as desired for the expected end use. Materials shall conform to specified values of magnetic properties (core loss, permeability, and magnetic aging), physical dimensions (thickness, length, and width), and mechanical properties (lamination factor and ductility).
1.1 This specification covers the detailed requirements to which the specified grades of flat-rolled, grain-oriented, fully processed electrical steels shall conform. These steels are used primarily in transformer cores operating at moderate to high magnetic flux densities at commercial power frequencies (50 and 60 Hz).
1.2 These grain-oriented electrical steels are low-carbon, silicon-iron alloys with a silicon content of approximately 3.2 % in which low core loss and high permeability in the direction of rolling have been achieved by appropriate metallurgical processing.
1.3 The electrical-steel grades described in this specification include (1) conventional grain-oriented electrical steel tested at 1.5 T (15 kG) in accordance with Test Method , (2) conventional grain-oriented electrical steel tested at 1.7 T (17 kG) in accordance with Test Method , (3) high-permeability grain-oriented electrical steel tested at 1.7 T (17 kG) in accordance with Test Method , and (4) laser-scribed high-permeability grain-oriented electrical steel tested at 1.7 T (17 kG) in accordance with Test Methods .
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) units which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
electrical steel; grain-oriented; high permeability;; ICS Number Code 77.140.50 (Flat steel products and semi-products)
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July 1, 2017