ASTM-B153 Standard Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

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Standard Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing



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1.1 This test method establishes the requirements for the expansion pin test for copper and copper-alloy pipe and tubing in sizes up to and including 4 in. (102 mm) in outside diameter.

Note 1-For tubes of sizes greater than 4 in. in outside diameter, the following flattening test, as described in the various pipe and tube specifications, is recommended as a substitute for the pin expansion test. For pipe and tubes over 4 in. in outside diameter in the annealed condition, a section 4-in. long shall be cut from the end of one of the tubes. This 4-in. long sample shall be flattened so that a gage set at three times the wall thickness will pass over the pipe freely throughout the flattened part. The pipe or tube so tested shall develop no cracks or flaws visible to the unaided eye as a result of this test. In making the flattening test, the elements shall be slowly flattened by one stroke of the press.

Note 2- The tern "unaided eye" as used herein, permits the use of corrective lenses necessary to obtain normal vision.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. SI values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


Copper; copper alloy; expansion; pin test; pipe; tube

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

02.01 (Copper and Copper Alloys)

To find similar documents by classification:

23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes Non-ferrous metal pipes and tubes for specific use, see 77.150)

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Revision Level




Modification Type

Reapproval with Ed Change

Publication Date

May 13, 2022

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

2 pages

Committee Number