ASTM-B85 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

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This specification covers aluminum-alloy die castings of all compositions. Unless otherwise specified, only aluminum alloy conforming to the requirements of Specification B 179 or producer's foundry scrap shall be used in the remelting furnace from which molten metal is taken for pouring directly into castings. Additions of small amounts of modifiers and grain refining elements or alloys are permitted. Pure materials, recycled materials, and master alloys and material not conforming to Specification B 179 may be used to make alloys conforming to this specification, provided chemical analysis can be taken and adjusted to conform to the chemical requirements prior to pouring any castings. The castings shall be supplied such that they can be laid out and machined to the final dimensions specified on the blueprints or drawings.




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1.1 This specification covers aluminum-alloy die castings designated as shown in Table 1.

(A) When single units are shown, they indicate the maximum amounts permitted.
(B) Analysis shall be made for the elements for which limits are shown in this table.
(C) The following applies to all specified limits in this table: For purposes of determining conformance to these limits, an observed value or a calculated value obtained from analysis shall be rounded to the nearest unit in the last right-hand place of figures used in expressing the specified limit in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.
(D) In case of discrepancy between the values listed in Table 1 and those listed in the “Designations and Composition Limits for Aluminum Alloys in the Form of Castings and Ingot (known as the “œPink Sheets”), the composition limits registered with the Aluminum Association and published in the “œPink Sheets”€ shall be considered the controlling composition.
(E) “Others” includes listed elements for which no specific limit is shown as well as unlisted metallic elements. The producer may analyze samples for trace elements not specified in the registration or specification. However, such analysis is not required and may not cover all metallic “Others” elements. Should any analysis by the producer or the purchaser establish that an “Others” element exceeds the limit of “Each” or that the aggregate of several “Others” elements exceeds the limit of “Total”, the material shall be considered nonconforming.
(F) The sum of those “Others” metallic elements 0.010 % or more each, expressed to the second decimal before determining the sum
(G) Alloys 360.0, 380.0, 413.0, C443.0 and 518.0 are suitable for the production of die casting by either the hot-chamber or the cold-chamber process. Die castings of alloys A360.0, A380.0, 383.0, 384.0, and A413.0 may be made only in cold-chamber machines.
(H) With respect to mechanical properties, alloys A380.0, 383.0 and 384.0 are substantially interchangeable.
(I) The Aluminum Association ruling on the number of decimal places to which Mg percent is expressed is exempted for some long standing alloys. See A2.2.6.
(J) For a cross reference of current and former alloy designations see the Aluminum Association’s “Designations and Chemical Composition Limits for Aluminum Alloys in the Form of Castings and Ingot (‘The Pink Sheets’)”.
(K) A360.1, A380.1, and A413.1 ingot is used to produce 360.0 and A360.0; 380.0 and A380.0; 413.0 and A413.0 castings, respectively.

1.2 This specification is for aluminum-alloy die castings used in general purpose applications. It may not address the mechanical properties, integrity testing, and verification required for highly loaded or safety critical applications.

1.3 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1(M).

1.4 Unless the order specifies the “M” specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.

1.5 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys and their properties in this specification, see Annex A1 and Annex A2.

1.6 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


aluminum; die casting ;; ICS Number Code 77.150.10 (Aluminium products)

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02.02 (Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys)

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77.150.10 (Aluminium products)

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Publication Date

May 1, 2018

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9 pages

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