ASTM-B922 Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption

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Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption



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1.1 This test method covers determination of surface area of metal powders. The test method specifies general procedures that are applicable to many commercial physical adsorption instruments. The method provides specific sample outgassing procedures for listed materials. It includes additional general outgassing instructions for other metals. The multipoint equation of Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET), along with the single point approximation of the BET equation, forms the basis for all calculations.

1.2 This test method does not include all existing procedures appropriate for outgassing metallic materials. The procedures included provided acceptable results for samples analyzed during interlaboratory testing. The investigator shall determine the appropriateness of listed procedures.

1.3 This method uses SI units as standard. State all numerical values in terms of SI units unless specific instrumentation software reports surface area using alternate units. In this case, present both reported and equivalent SI units in the final written report. Many instruments report surface area as m2/g, instead of using correct SI units (m 2/kg).

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Significance and Use

Both suppliers and users of metals can benefit from knowledge of the surface area of these materials. Results of many intermediate and final processing steps are controlled by, or related to, specific surface area of the metal. The performance of many sintered or cast metal structures may be predicted from the specific surface area of the starting metal powder, or all or a portion of the finished piece.


BET surface area; metal powders; multipoint surface area; outgassing; physical adsorption; refractory metal powders; single point surface area; specific surface area; surface area; ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

02.05 (Metallic and Inorganic Coatings; Metal Powders and Metal Powder Products)

To find similar documents by classification:

77.160 (Powder metallurgy Including sintered metal materials and hardmetals)

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Publication Date

March 21, 2022

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

5 pages

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