ASTM-B945 Standard Practice for Aluminum Alloy Extrusions Press Cooled from an Elevated Temperature Shaping Process for Production of T1, T2, T5 and T10–Type Tempers

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This practice establishes the controls necessary for production of extrusions cooled from an elevated temperature shaping (extrusion) process for the production of T1, T2, T5 and T10�type tempers. The equipment shall be used for billet preheating, extruding and quenching. Quenching methods may consist of, but are not limited to, air, water or water/glycol mixture in forced air, water spray, fog or mist, standing wave, a quench tank or another pressurized water device, or a combination thereof. Surveillance tests should include tensile properties for all material and metallographic examination to confirm that the elevated temperature shaping process has not resulted in eutectic melting or subsurface porosity from hydrogen diffusion. Specimens shall be sectioned in the plane perpendicular to the direction of the extrusion, polished to an appropriate fineness, mildly etched with an etchant such as Keller�s reagent to reveal any evidence of eutectic melting. Specimens shall also be subjected to tension and hardness tests. During the extrusion process, the following temperature measuring points should be monitored and controlled as per the producer�s internal procedures. The measuring points include but are not limited to: billet or log temperature in the heating equipment, billet or log temperature after heating and before charging into the extrusion press, temperature of the extrudate at the press exit, temperature of the extrudate at quench entry, temperature of the extrudate at the completion of quench, and billet temperature shall not exceed the maximum temperature for the alloy. Artificial aging shall be accomplished using times and temperatures as necessary to achieve required properties.




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1.1 This practice establishes the controls necessary for production of extrusions cooled from an elevated temperature shaping (extrusion) process for the production of T1, T2, T5 and T10–type tempers (see ANSI H35.1).

1.2 This practice is for production of extruded product supplied in the alloys shown in Table 1 in the T1, T2, T5 or T10–type tempers. It contains pertinent information to be used in establishing production practices and is descriptive rather than prescriptive.

(A) These upper limit temperatures avoid the possibility of eutectic melting due to overheating, and include a safety factor of approximately 25°F.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


aluminum alloys; cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process; press quenched; ICS Number Code 77.120.10 (Aluminium and aluminium alloys)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

02.02 (Aluminum and Magnesium Alloys)

To find similar documents by classification:

77.120.10 (Aluminium and aluminium alloys)

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Document Number


Revision Level

2006 R14 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

Nov. 1, 2014

Document Type


Page Count

3 pages

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