ASTM-C1421 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature

ASTM-C1421 - 2018 EDITION - CURRENT
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Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
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Scope

1.1 These test methods cover the fracture toughness, KIc, determination of advanced ceramics at ambient temperature. The methods determine KIpb (precracked beam test specimen), KIsc (surface crack in flexure), and KIvb (chevron-notched beam test specimen). The fracture toughness values are determined using beam test specimens with a sharp crack. The crack is either a straight-through crack formed via bridge flexure (pb), or a semi-elliptical surface crack formed via Knoop indentation (sc), or it is formed and propagated in a chevron notch (vb), as shown in Fig. 1.

1.6 Values expressed in these test methods are in accordance with the International System of Units (SI) and IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

5.1 Fracture toughness, KIc, is a measure of the resistance to crack extension in a brittle material. These test methods may be used for material development, material comparison, quality assessment, and characterization.

5.2 The pb and the vb fracture toughness values provide information on the fracture resistance of advanced ceramics containing large sharp cracks, while the sc fracture toughness value provides this information for small cracks comparable in size to natural fracture sources. Cracks of different sizes may be used for the sc method. If the fracture toughness values vary as a function of the crack size it can be expected that KIsc will differ from KIpb and KIvb. Table 1 tabulates advantages, disadvantages, and applicability of each method.

Keywords

advanced ceramics; chevron notch; fracture toughness; precracked beam; surface crack in flexure;; ICS Number Code 81.060.30 (Advanced ceramics)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

15.01 (Refractories, Activated Carbon; Advanced Ceramics)

To find similar documents by classification:

81.060.30 (Advanced ceramics)

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Document Number

ASTM-C1421-18

Revision Level

2018 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

Jan. 1, 2018

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

33 pages

Committee Number

C28.01