ASTM-C448 Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Porcelain Enamels

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Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Porcelain Enamels



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1.1 These test methods cover determination of the resistance of porcelain enamels to surface abrasion and subsurface abrasion.

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Significance and Use

4.1 When a porcelain enamel is first subjected to abrasion of the type involved in these tests, the rate of wear or attrition is relatively low. As the enamel is subjected to continued abrasion, the rate of wear increases until it reaches a steady value. Thereafter, the rate of wear remains almost constant until the enamel is penetrated and the underlying ground coat or metal exposed. The abrasion that occurs during the period of increasing rate-of-weight loss is defined as surface abrasion and results in reduced gloss and cleanability with high-gloss enamels and a modification of color, appearance, or surface texture, or combination thereof with low-gloss enamels. The abrasion that occurs during the period of steady rate-of-weight loss is defined as subsurface abrasion and results in the destruction of the continuity of the coating. These two types of abrasion are not necessarily proportional, and since it is desirable to be able to determine the resistance of porcelain enamel to both types of abrasion, it is necessary to deal with each one separately.


ICS Number Code 25.220.50 (Enamels)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

02.05 (Metallic and Inorganic Coatings; Metal Powders and Metal Powder Products)

To find similar documents by classification:

25.220.50 (Enamels)

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Document Number


Revision Level

1988 R16 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

Nov. 15, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

11 pages

Committee Number