ASTM-D2520 Standard Test Methods for Complex Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Microwave Frequencies and Temperatures to 1650 °C

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Standard Test Methods for Complex Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Microwave Frequencies and Temperatures to 1650 °C



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1.1 These test methods cover the determination of relative (Note 1) complex permittivity (dielectric constant and dissipation factor) of nonmagnetic solid dielectric materials.

Note 1: The word “relative” is often omitted.

1.1.1 Test Method A is for specimens precisely formed to the inside dimension of a waveguide.

1.1.2 Test Method B is for specimens of specified geometry that occupy a very small portion of the space inside a resonant cavity.

1.1.3 Test Method C uses a resonant cavity with fewer restrictions on specimen size, geometry, and placement than Test Methods A and B.

1.2 Although these test methods are used over the microwave frequency spectrum from around 0.5 to 50.0 GHz, each octave increase usually requires a different generator and a smaller test waveguide or resonant cavity.

1.3 Tests at elevated temperatures are made using special high-temperature waveguide and resonant cavities.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

4.1 Design calculations for such components as transmission lines, antennas, radomes, resonators, phase shifters, etc., require knowledge of values of complex permittivity at operating frequencies. The related microwave measurements substitute distributed field techniques for low-frequency lumped-circuit impedance techniques.

4.2 Further information on the significance of permittivity is contained in Test Methods D150.

4.3 These test methods are useful for specification acceptance, service evaluation, manufacturing control, and research and development of ceramics, glasses, and organic dielectric materials.


complex permittivity; dielectric constant; dissipation factor; microwave; permittivity; perturbation; resonant cavity; shorted transmission line ;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

10.02 (Electrical Insulation (II): D2518 - latest)

To find similar documents by classification:

29.035.01 (Insulating materials in general)

To find similar documents by Federal Supply Class Code:

FSC 5970 (Electrical Insulators and Insulating Materials)

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Publication Date

June 10, 2021

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

17 pages

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