ASTM-D2700 Standard Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

ASTM-D2700 - 2018 EDITION - CURRENT
Show Complete Document History

Document Center Inc. is an authorized dealer of ASTM standards.
The following bibliographic material is provided to assist you with your purchasing decision:

Standard Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
ORDER

Price:

$74.00        

Changes from the previous issue

A redline edition is available for this document, with all changes visible. Ask Document Center Inc. for more information.

Scope

1.1 This laboratory test method covers the quantitative determination of the knock rating of liquid spark-ignition engine fuel in terms of Motor octane number, including fuels that contain up to 25 % v/v of ethanol. However, this test method may not be applicable to fuel and fuel components that are primarily oxygenates.2 The sample fuel is tested in a standardized single cylinder, four-stroke cycle, variable compression ratio, carbureted, CFR engine run in accordance with a defined set of operating conditions. The octane number scale is defined by the volumetric composition of primary reference fuel blends. The sample fuel knock intensity is compared to that of one or more primary reference fuel blends. The octane number of the primary reference fuel blend that matches the knock intensity of the sample fuel establishes the Motor octane number.

1.2 The octane number scale covers the range from 0 to 120 octane number, but this test method has a working range from 40 to 120 octane number. Typical commercial fuels produced for automotive spark-ignition engines rate in the 80 to 90 Motor octane number range. Typical commercial fuels produced for aviation spark-ignition engines rate in the 98 to 102 Motor octane number range. Testing of gasoline blend stocks or other process stream materials can produce ratings at various levels throughout the Motor octane number range.

1.3 The values of operating conditions are stated in SI units and are considered standard. The values in parentheses are the historical inch-pounds units. The standardized CFR engine measurements continue to be in inch-pound units only because of the extensive and expensive tooling that has been created for this equipment.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific hazard statements, see Section 8, 14.4.1, 15.5.1, 16.6.1, Annex A1, A2.2.3.1, A2.2.3.3(6) and (9), A2.3.5, X3.3.7, X4.2.3.1, X4.3.4.1, X4.3.9.3, X4.3.12.4, and X4.5.1.8.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords

aviation rating; guide table; isooctane; knock intensity; motor octane number; n-heptane; spark-ignition engine fuel performance; toluene standardization fuel ;; ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

05.05 (Combustion Characteristics; Manufactured Carbon and Graphite Products; Catalysts)

To find similar documents by classification:

75.160.20 (Liquid fuels Including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, etc.)

This document comes with our free Notification Service, good for the life of the document.

This document is available in either Paper or PDF format.

Document Number

ASTM-D2700-18

Revision Level

2018 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

April 1, 2018

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

59 pages

Committee Number

D02.01