ASTM-D4274 › Standard Test Methods for Testing Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Hydroxyl Numbers of Polyols
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1.1 These test methods measure the hydroxyl groups in polyester and polyether polyols containing primary and secondary hydroxyl groups. They also apply to many other hydroxyl-containing substances.
1.1.1 Test Method A—Acetic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyesters.
1.1.2 Test Method B—Phthalic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyethers and polyesters.
1.1.3 Test Method C—Phthalic Anhydride Reflux, recommended for polyethers and polyesters.
1.1.4 Test Method D—Imidazole–Catalyzed Phthalic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyethers, polyesters, polymer polyols, and amine-initiated polyols.
1.1.5 Test Method E—Imidazole-Catalyzed Pyromellitic Dianhydride Esterification, recommended for polyols used for flexible and rigid polyurethane foams and urethane elastomers. It is recommended for polyester polyols, polyether polyols, amine-started polyols, and polymer polyols (polyacrylonitrile/copolystyrene-based).
1.2 Another ASTM test method for measuring hydroxyl groups is Test Method .
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1: This standard, ISO 14900 and ISO 6796 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content.
acetic anhydride; esterification; hydroxyl number; phthalic anhydride; polyester; polyether; polyol; pyromellitic dianhydride; titration;; ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
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April 1, 2016