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Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials

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Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1


1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for use in packaging (closing, reinforcing, baling, unitizing, or palletizing) and loading (load unitization and securement to transport vehicle) applications. The use applies to handling, storage, and distribution systems.

1.2 Carrier associations have established certain packaging and loading requirements that in some cases specify a type of strap, the minimum size or strength, or both, and type of joint or seal, or both, that must be used for certain types of shipments or under certain conditions. Users should consult with their carriers initially to determine if there are applicable, published requirements. Individual carriers may establish their own requirements.

1.3 Limitations -This guide is not intended to give specific information as to how strapping must be used in any particular packaging or loading situation. Rather it is intended to be informational in nature and is offered as a starting point for testing. The need for thorough user testing is to be emphasized as is a review of pertinent regulations that can influence the selection of sizes, types, and possibly, application methods.

1.4 The sections in this guide appear in the following order:

Referenced Documents2
Significance and Use 4
Significance and Use4
Safety Hazards5
General Considerations:
Properties of Strap Types6
General Uses7
Strap Tension8
Packaging Design:
Package Configuration10
Strap Selection11
Joining Methods and Properties
Joint Methods and Properties (except loop joint)12
Loop Joint and Seal Prooperties13
Strap Coatings and Purposes14
Equipment for Strap Application15
Strap Application16
Testing and Evaluation:
Testing and Developing Final Package Design17
Evaluation of Strap Failure18
Supplementary GuidelineS1

1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI units given in parentheses are for information only.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard statements are given in Section 5 and Note 1 and Note 2.


banding; buckles; mechanism; nonmetallic; seals; steel; strapping joints; ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

15.10 (Packaging; Flexible Barrier Packaging)

To find similar documents by classification:

55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories Including wrappers, paper, films, foils, cords, sealing devices, cushioning, etc. Adhesive tapes for general purposes, see 83.180)

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Publication Date

Nov. 15, 1993

Document Type


Page Count

18 pages

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