ASTM-D4737 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation

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Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation




1.1 The calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation provides a means for estimating the ASTM cetane number (Test Method D613) of distillate fuels from density and distillation recovery temperature measurements. The value computed from the equation is termed the Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation.

1.2 The Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation is not an optional method for expressing ASTM cetane number. It is a supplementary tool for estimating cetane number when a result by Test Method D613 is not available and if cetane improver is not used. As a supplementary tool, the Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable equation must be used with due regard for its limitations.

1.3 Procedure A is to be used for Specification D975, Grades No. 1–D S15, No. 1–D S500, No. 1–D S5000, No. 2–D S15, No. 2–D S5000, and No. 4–D. This method for estimating cetane number was developed by Chevron Research Co.2 Procedure A is based on a data set including a relatively small number of No. 1–D fuels. Test Method D4737 Procedure A may be less applicable to No. 1–D S15, No. 1–D S500, and No. 1–D S5000 than to No. 2–D grade S5000 or to No. 4–D fuels.

1.3.1 Procedure A has been verified as applicable to Grade No. 2–D S15 diesel fuels.3

1.4 Procedure B is to be used for Specification D975, Grade No. 2–D S500.

1.5 The test method “Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation” is particularly applicable to Grade 1–D S5000, Grade No. 1–D S500, Grade No. 2–D S5000 and Grade No. 2–D S500 diesel fuel oils containing straight-run and cracked stocks, and their blends. It can also be used for heavier fuels with 90 % recovery points less than 382 °C and for fuels containing derivatives from oil sands and oil shale.

Note 1: Sxx is the designation for maximum sulfur level specified for the grade. For example, S500 grades are those with a maximum sulfur limit of 500 ppm (μg/g).

1.6 Biodiesel blends are excluded from this test method, because they were not part of the datasets use to develop either Procedure A or B.

1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


cetane; cetane index; diesel fuel;; ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

05.02 (Petroleum Products and Lubricants (II): D3711 - D6122)

To find similar documents by classification:

75.160.20 (Liquid fuels Including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, etc.)

To find similar documents by Federal Supply Class Code:

FSC 91GP (Fuels, Lubricants, Oils, and Waxes -- General)

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Document Number


Revision Level

2010 R16 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

July 15, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

4 pages

Committee Number