ASTM-D500 Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils

ASTM-D500 - 1995 R16 EDITION - CURRENT
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These test methods cover the chemical analysis of sulfonated and sulfated oils. Water by distillation with volatile solvent and moisture and volatile matter by hot-plate shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. Titration test, extraction-titration test, and ash-gravimetric test shall be performed to meet the requirements specified. Total desulfated fatty matter, total active ingredients, unsaponifiable non-volatile matter, inorganic salts, total alkalinity, and total ammonia shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. In the absence of ammonium or triethanolamine soaps test method, brine test method, and in the presence of ammonium or triethanolamine soaps test method shall be performed to meet the requirements prescribed. Water-immiscible organic solvents volatile with steam shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.

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Scope

1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of sulfonated and sulfated oils. The analytical procedures appear in the following order:

 

Section

 

 

Moisture:

 

 Test Method A. Water by Distillation with Volatile Solvent

4 – 9

 Test Method B. Moisture and Volatile Matter by Hot-Plate Method

10 – 14

Organically Combined Sulfuric Anhydride:

 

 Test Method A. Titration Test

15 – 19

 Test Method B. Extraction-Titration Test

20 – 24

 Test Method C. Ash-Gravimetric Test (in the Presence of True
Sulfonates)

25 – 28

Total Desulfated Fatty Matter

29 – 32

Total Active Ingredients

33 – 36

Unsaponifiable Nonvolatile Matter

37 – 41

Inorganic Salts

42 – 46

Total Alkalinity

47 – 49

Total Ammonia

50 – 52

Acidity as Free Fatty Acids or Acid Number:

 

 Test Method A. In the Absence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps

53 – 56

 Test Method B. In the Presence of Dark Colored Oils but in the
Absence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps (Brine Test)

57 – 60

 Test Method C. In the Presence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps

61 – 63

Water-Immiscible Organic Solvents Volatile with Steam

64 – 70

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.

Keywords

ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

15.04 (Soaps and Other Detergents; Polishes; Leather; Resilient Floor Coverings)

To find similar documents by classification:

71.100.40 (Surface active agents)

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Document Number

ASTM-D500-95(2016)

Revision Level

1995 R16 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Reapproval

Publication Date

Aug. 1, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

12 pages

Committee Number

D12.12