ASTM-D5773 › Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Constant Cooling Rate Method)
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1.1 This test method covers the determination of the cloud point of petroleum products and biodiesel fuels that are transparent in layers 40 mm in thickness by an automatic instrument using a constant cooling rate.
1.2 This test method covers the range of temperatures from −60 °C to +49 °C with temperature resolution of 0.1 °C, however, the range of temperatures included in the 1997 interlaboratory cooperative test program only covered the temperature range of –56 °C to +34 °C.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
Significance and Use
5.1 The cloud point of petroleum products and biodiesel fuels is an index of the lowest temperature of their utility for certain applications. Wax crystals of sufficient quantity can plug filters used in some fuel systems.
5.2 Petroleum blending operations require a precise measurement of the cloud point.
5.3 This test method can determine the temperature of the test specimen at which wax crystals have formed sufficiently to be observed as a cloud with a resolution of 0.1 °C.
5.4 This test method provides results that are equivalent to Test Method .
Note 1: This is based on the Test Method equivalent cloud point in which the 0.1 °C result is rounded to the next lower integer.
5.5 This test method determines the cloud point in a shorter period of time than Test Method .
Note 2: In cases of samples with cloud points near ambient temperatures, time savings may not be realized.
5.6 This test method eliminates most of the operator time required of Test Method .
5.7 This test method does not require the use of a mechanical refrigeration apparatus.
Note 3: In certain cases of high ambient temperature, a source of cooling water may be required to measure low-temperature cloud points (see ).
automatic cloud point; cloud point; constant cooling rate; Peltier; petroleum products; thermoelectric; wax crystals;; ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
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Sept. 1, 2017