ASTM-D6142 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Phenol by Capillary Gas Chromatography

Show Complete Document History

Document Center Inc. is an authorized dealer of ASTM standards.
The following bibliographic material is provided to assist you with your purchasing decision:

Standard Test Method for Analysis of Phenol by Capillary Gas Chromatography



Want this as a site license?


1.1 This test method covers the determination of known impurities in phenol by gas chromatography (GC). It is generally meant for the analysis of phenol of 99.9 % or greater purity.

1.2 This test method has been found applicable over impurity concentrations up to 70 mg/kg. Users of this method believe it is linear over a wider range. The limit of detection (LOD) is 1.7 mg/kg and the limit of quantitation (LOQ) is 5.8 mg/kg.

Note 1: LOD is defined in 7.1 as part of the method setup. The values above were calculated based on the ILS data for acetone, acetophenone, α-methylstyrene, and 2-methylbenzofuran in Table 3.

1.3 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 9.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method is suitable for setting specifications on phenol and for use as an internal quality control tool where phenol is produced or is used in a manufacturing process. It may also be used in development or research work involving phenol. It is generally applied to determining those commonly occurring impurities such as mesityl oxide, cumene, hydroxyacetone, acetone, α-methylstyrene, 2-methylbenzofuran, and acetophenone.

5.2 Purity is commonly reported by subtracting the determined expected impurities from 100.00. However, a gas chromatographic analysis cannot determine absolute purity if water is present or unknown components are contained within the material being examined.


2-methylbenzofuran; acetone; acetophenone; α-methylstyrene; cumene; gas chromatography; hydroxyacetone; mesityl oxide; phenol; sec-butyl alcohol;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

06.04 (Paint -- Solvents; Aromatic Hydrocarbons)

To find similar documents by classification:

71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis Including spectrophotometric and chromatographic analysis)

This document comes with our free Notification Service, good for the life of the document.

This document is available in either Paper or PDF format.

Document Number


Revision Level




Modification Type


Publication Date

Dec. 1, 2021

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

6 pages

Committee Number