ASTM-D6351 Historical Revision Information
Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Temperature Fluidity and Appearance of Hydraulic Fluids

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Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Temperature Fluidity and Appearance of Hydraulic Fluids


1.1 This test method covers the fluidity and appearance of hydraulic fluids after storage at low temperature.

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 6.

Significance and Use

The temperature at which a lubricant remains fluid and homogeneous after seven days is an index of its ability to withstand prolonged exposure to cold temperature. With vegetable oils and some synthetic esters, it is necessary to do extended cold storage testing. Quick cool, short-term tests, such as Test Methods D 97 and D 2500, do not adequately predict the tendency to solidify over longer time spans at cold temperatures.

This test method is not intended to indicate cold temperature pumpability performance. A separate assessment of viscometric performance should be made in order to assess cold flow properties, which are important in order to avoid system damage in cold temperature applications. Suitable guidelines for such testing and test temperatures for various viscosity grades can be found in Practice D 6080.

No specific temperature of measurement is given in this test method because fluids with different viscosity grades have different cold temperature performance expectations. For guidance on temperature selection relative to an intended low temperature viscosity grade or ISO VG, consult Practice D 6080. As an example of using Practice D 6080, a L22 viscosity grade would be evaluated at the lowest temperature for that grade, namely -22.9°C. Alternatively, a fluid can be evaluated at the lowest temperature expected for field service.


hydraulic fluid; low temperature appearance; low temperature fluidity; vegetable oil; ICS Number Code 75.120 (Hydraulic fluids)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

05.03 (Petroleum Products and Lubricants (III): D6138 - D6971)

To find similar documents by classification:

75.120 (Hydraulic fluids Fluid power systems, see 23.100)

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Document Number


Revision Level

1999 R05 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

May 1, 2005

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

2 pages

Committee Number