ASTM-D6648 Standard Test Method for Determining the Flexural Creep Stiffness of Asphalt Binder Using the Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR)

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Standard Test Method for Determining the Flexural Creep Stiffness of Asphalt Binder Using the Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR)



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1.1 This test method covers the determination of the flexural-creep stiffness or compliance and m-value of asphalt binders by means of a bending beam rheometer. It is applicable to material having flexural-creep stiffness values in the range of 20 MPa to 1 GPa (creep compliance values in the range of 50 nPa–1 to 1 nPa–1) and can be used with unaged material or with materials aged using aging procedures such as Test Method D2872 or Practice D6521. The test apparatus may be operated within the temperature range from –36°C to 0°C.

1.2 Test results are not valid for test specimens that deflect more than 4 mm or less than 0.08 mm when tested in accordance with this test method.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Significance and Use

5.1 The temperatures for this test are based upon the winter temperature experienced by the pavement in the geographical area for which the asphalt binder is intended.

5.2 The flexural creep stiffness or flexural creep compliance, determined from this test, describes the low-temperature stress-strain-time response of asphalt binder at the test temperature within the range of linear viscoelastic response.

5.3 The low-temperature thermal cracking performance of asphalt pavements is related to the creep stiffness and the m-value of the asphalt binder contained in the mix.

5.4 The creep stiffness and the m-value are used as performance-based specification criteria for asphalt binders in accordance with Specification D6373.


bending beam rheometer; flexural creep compliance; flexural creep stiffness;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

04.03 (Road and Paving Materials; Vehicle-Pavement Systems)

To find similar documents by classification:

19.060 (Mechanical testing Including testing equipment Mechanical testing of metals, see 77.040.10)

75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products Asphalts for building, see 91.100.50 Asphalts for road construction, see 93.080.20)

91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials Including geomembranes, asphalts for buildings, etc.)

93.080.20 (Road construction materials Including asphalts, road pavements, etc.)

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Document Number


Revision Level

2008 R16 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

Nov. 1, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

15 pages

Committee Number