ASTM-D7485 Standard Test Method for Determination of Nonylphenol, p-tert-Octylphenol, Nonylphenol Monoethoxylate and Nonylphenol Diethoxylate in Environmental Waters by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry

ASTM-D7485 - 2016 EDITION - CURRENT
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Standard Test Method for Determination of Nonylphenol, p-tert-Octylphenol, Nonylphenol Monoethoxylate and Nonylphenol Diethoxylate in Environmental Waters by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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Scope

1.1 This test method covers the determination of nonylphenol (NP), nonylphenol ethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), and octylphenol (OP), extracted from water utilizing solid phase extraction (SPE), separated using liquid chromatography (LC) and detected with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). These compounds are qualitatively and quantitatively determined by this method. This method adheres to single reaction monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry.

1.2 The method detection limit (MDL) and reporting limit (RL) for NP, NP1EO, NP2EO, and OP are listed in Table 1.

(A) MDL Determined Following The Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix B.
(B) Lowest Point of the Reporting Range is Calculated from the LV 1 Concentration Calibration Standard in Table 4.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Significance and Use

5.1 NP and OP have been shown to have toxic effects in aquatic organisms. The source of NP and OP is prominently from the use of common commercial surfactants. The most widely used surfactant is nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPEO) which has an average ethoxylate chain length of nine. The ethoxylate chain is readily biodegraded to form NP1EO, NP2EO, nonylphenol carboxylate (NPEC) and, under anaerobic conditions, NP. NP will also biodegrade, but may be released into environmental waters directly at trace levels. This method has been investigated and is applicable for environmental waters, including seawater.

Keywords

diethoxylate; liquid chromatography; monoethoxylate; nonylphenol; octylphenol; solid phase extraction; tandem mass spectrometry; water;; ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

11.02 (Water (II))

To find similar documents by classification:

13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

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Document Number

ASTM-D7485-16

Revision Level

2016 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

June 1, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

11 pages

Committee Number

D19.06