ASTM-D7968 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polyfluorinated Compounds in Soil by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)

ASTM-D7968 - 2017A EDITION - CURRENT
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Standard Test Method for Determination of Polyfluorinated Compounds in Soil by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
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Scope

1.1 This procedure covers the determination of selected polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in a soil matrix using solvent extraction, filtration, followed by liquid chromatography (LC) and detection with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). These analytes are qualitatively and quantitatively determined by this method. This method adheres to multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mass spectrometry. This procedure utilizes a quick extraction and is not intended to generate an exhaustive accounting of the content of PFCs in difficult soil matrices. An exhaustive extraction procedure for polyfluoralkyl substances, such as published by Washington et al.,2 for difficult matrices should be considered when analyzing PFCs.

1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 The Method of Detection Limit3 and Reporting Range4 for the target analytes are listed in Table 1.

TABLE 1 Method Detection Limit and Reporting RangeA

Analyte

MDL
(ng/kg)

Reporting Limit
(ng/kg)

PFTreA

6.76

25–1000

PFTriA

5.26

25–1000

PFDoA

3.56

25–1000

PFUnA

2.45

25–1000

PFDA

5.54

25–1000

PFOS

18.83

50–1000

PFNA

2.82

25–1000

PFecHS

2.41

25–1000

PFOA

6.24

25–1000

PFHxS

7.75

25–1000

PFHpA

5.80

25–1000

PFHxA

15.44

50–1000

PFBS

6.49

25–1000

PFPeA

20.93

125–5000

PFBA

22.01

125–5000

FHEA

199.04

600–20 000

FOEA

258.37

750–20 000

FDEA

137.46

500–20 000

FOUEA

4.85

25–1000

FhpPa

5.09

25–1000

FHUEA

3.50

25–1000

(A) Abbreviations are defined in 3.2.

TABLE 2 Concentrations of Calibration Standards (ng/L)

Analyte/Surrogate

LV1

LV2

LV3

LV4

LV5

LV6

LV7

LV8

LV9

PFPeA, PFBA

25

50

100

200

300

400

500

750

1000

PFTreA, PFTriA, PFDoA, PFUnA, PFDA, PFOS, PFNA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFBS, PFechS, PFOA, PFHxS, FOUEA, FHUEA, FHpPA, MPFBS, MPFHxA, MPFUnA, MPFOA, MPFDA, MPFOS, MPFNA, MPFHxS, MPFBA

5

10

20

40

60

80

100

150

200

FHEA, FOEA, FDEA

100

200

400

800

1200

1600

2000

3000

4000

1.3.1 The reporting limit in this test method is the minimum value below which data are documented as non-detects. Analyte detections between the method detection limit and the reporting limit are estimated concentrations and are not reported following this test method. In most cases, the reporting limit is calculated from the concentration of the Level 1 calibration standard as shown in Table 2 for the polyfluorinated compounds after taking into account a 2-g sample weight and a final extract volume of 10 mL, 50 % water/50 % MeOH with 0.1 % acetic acid. The final extract volume is assumed to be 10 mL because 10 mL of 50 % water/50 % MeOH with 0.1 % acetic acid was added to each soil sample and only the liquid layer after extraction is filtered, leaving the solid and any residual solvent behind. It is raised above the Level 1 calibration concentration for PFOS, PFHxA, FHEA, and FOEA; these compounds can be identified at the Level 1 concentration but the standard deviation among replicates at this lower spike level resulted in a higher reporting limit.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords

liquid chromatography; mass spectrometry; polyfluorinated compounds; soils;; ICS Number Code 13.080.10 (Chemical characteristics of soil)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

11.04 (Waste Management)

To find similar documents by classification:

13.080.10 (Chemical characteristics of soils)

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Document Number

ASTM-D7968-17a

Revision Level

2017A EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

Sept. 1, 2017

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

24 pages

Committee Number

D34.01.06