ASTM-E2446 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Computed Radiography Systems

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Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Computed Radiography Systems



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1.1 This practice describes the manufacturing characterization of computed radiography (CR) systems, consisting of a particular phosphor imaging plate (IP), scanner, software, and an image display monitor, in combination with specified metal screens for industrial radiography.

1.2 The practice defines system tests to be used to characterize the systems of different suppliers and make them comparable for users.

1.3 This practice is intended for use by manufacturers of CR systems or certification agencies to provide quantitative results of CR system characteristics for nondestructive testing (NDT) user or purchaser consumption. Some of these tests require specialized test phantoms to ensure consistency of results among suppliers or manufacturers. These tests are not intended for users to complete, nor are they intended for long term stability tracking and lifetime measurements. However, they may be used for this purpose, if so desired.

1.4 The CR system performance is described by the basic spatial resolution, contrast, signal and noise parameters, and the equivalent penetrameter sensitivity (EPS). Some of these parameters are used to compare with DDA characterization and film characterization data (see Practice E2597 and Test Method E1815).

Note 1: For film system characterization, the signal is represented by the optical density of 2 (above fog and base) and the noise as granularity. The signal-to-noise ratio is normalized by the aperture (similar to the basic spatial resolution) of the system and is part of characterization. This normalization is given by the scanning circular aperture of 100 µm of the micro-photometer, which is defined in Test Method E1815 for film system characterization.

1.5 The measurement of CR systems in this practice is restricted to a selected radiation quality to simplify the procedure. The properties of CR systems will change with radiation energy but not the ranking of CR system performance. Users of this practice may carry out the tests at different or additional radiation qualities (X-ray or gamma ray) if required.

1.6 The values stated in SI are to be regarded as the standard.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


basic spatial resolution; characterization; computed radiography; CR; EPS; equivalent penetrameter sensitivity; film system classification; manufacturer; minimum pixel value; normalized signal-to-noise ratio; photo-stimulated luminescence; PSL; SNR; SRb; system performance levels;; ICS Number Code 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

03.03 (Nondestructive Testing)

03.04 (Magnetic Properties)

To find similar documents by classification:

19.100 (Non-destructive testing Including testing equipment: industrial apparatus for X-ray and gamma radiography, penetrant flaw detectors, etc. Non-destructive testing of welded joints, see 25.160.40 Industrial radiographic films, see 37.040.25 Non-destructive testing of metals, see 77.040.20)

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Publication Date

June 15, 2016

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Page Count

14 pages

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