ASTM-E262 Historical Revision Information
Standard Test Method for Determining Thermal Neutron Reaction Rates and Thermal Neutron Fluence Rates by Radioactivation Techniques

ASTM-E262 - 1986(E1) EDITION - SUPERSEDED
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Standard Test Method for Determining Thermal Neutron Reaction Rates and Thermal Neutron Fluence Rates by Radioactivation Techniques
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Scope

1.1 The purpose of this method is to define a general procedure for determining an unknown thermal neutron-fluence rate by neutron activation techniques. It is not practicable to describe completely a technique applicable to the large number of experimental situations that require the measurement of a thermal-neutron fluence rate. Therefore, this method is presented so that the user may adapt to his particular situation the fundamental procedures of the following techniques:

1.1.1 Absolute counting technique using pure cobalt, pure gold, or cobalt-aluminum or gold-aluminum alloy,

1.1.2 Standard foil technique using pure gold, or gold-aluminum alloy, and

1.1.3 Secondary standard foil techniques using pure indium, indium-aluminum alloy, and dysprosium-aluminum alloy.

1.2 The techniques presented are limited to measurements at room temperatures. However, special problems when making thermal-neutron fluence rate measurements in high-temperature environments are discussed in 8.2. For those circumstances where the use of cadmium as a thermal shield is undesirable because of potential spectrum perturbations or of temperatures above the melting point of cadmium, the method described in Test Method E481 can be used in some cases. Alternatively, gadolinium filters may be used instead of cadmium. For high temperature applications in which aluminum alloys are unsuitable, other alloys such as cobalt-nickel or cobalt-vanadium have been used.

1.3 Table 1 indicates the useful neutron-fluence ranges for each detector material.

1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Keywords

Cobalt method; thermal neutron flux, by counting of 60 Co,; Fluence; thermal neutron reaction/fluence rates, by radioactivation techniques,; method,; Standard foil technique; thermal neutron flux, by use of gold,; Thermal neutron flux; standard foil techniques; ICS Number Code 17.240 (Radiation measurements); 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

12.02 (Nuclear (II), Solar, and Geothermal Energy)

To find similar documents by classification:

17.240 (Radiation measurements Including dosimetry Radiation protection, see 13.280)

27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology Including raw materials Radioactive wastes, see 13.030.30)

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Document Number

ASTM-E262-86e1

Revision Level

1986(E1) EDITION

Status

Superseded

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

Sept. 19, 1986

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

12 pages

Committee Number

E10.05