ASTM-E2847 Standard Test Method for  Calibration and Accuracy Verification of Wideband Infrared Thermometers

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Standard Test Method for  Calibration and Accuracy Verification of Wideband Infrared Thermometers



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1.1 This test method covers electronic instruments intended for measurement of temperature by detecting the intensity of thermal radiation exchanged between the subject of measurement and the sensor.

1.2 The devices covered by this test method are referred to as infrared thermometers in this document.

1.3 The infrared thermometers covered in this test method are instruments that are intended to measure temperatures below 1000°C, measure thermal radiation over a wide bandwidth in the infrared region, and are direct-reading in temperature.

1.4 This test method covers best practice in calibrating infrared thermometers. It addresses concerns that will help the user perform more accurate calibrations. It also provides a structure for calculation of uncertainties and reporting of calibration results to include uncertainty.

1.5 Details on the design and construction of infrared thermometers are not covered in this test method.

1.6 This test method does not cover infrared thermometry above 1000°C. It does not address the use of narrowband infrared thermometers or infrared thermometers that do not indicate temperature directly.

1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method provides guidelines and basic test methods for the accuracy verification of infrared thermometers. It includes test set-up and calculation of uncertainties. It is intended to provide the user with a consistent method, while remaining flexible in the choice of calibration equipment. It is understood that the uncertainty obtained depends in large part upon the apparatus and instrumentation used. Therefore, since this guide is not prescriptive in approach, it provides detailed instruction in uncertainty evaluation to accommodate the variety of apparatus and instrumentation that may be employed.

5.2 This test method is intended primarily for calibrating handheld infrared thermometers. However, the techniques described in this guide may also be appropriate for calibrating other classes of radiation thermometers. It may also be of help to those calibrating thermal imagers.

5.3 This test method specifies the necessary elements of the report of calibration for an infrared thermometer. The required elements are intended as a communication tool to help the end user of these instruments make accurate measurements. The elements also provide enough information, so that the results of the calibration can be reproduced in a separate laboratory.


accuracy verifications; background radiations; blackbodies; calibrations; cavity radiation sources; distance to size ratios; emissivities; fields-of-view; flatplate radiation sources; handheld thermometers; infrared; infrared thermometers; radiation thermometers; reflected radiations; size-of-source effects; spot sizes; temperature measurements; thermal imagers; thermal radiation sources; thermometries; transfer standards; uncertainties;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

14.03 (Temperature Measurement)

To find similar documents by classification:

17.200.20 (Temperature-measuring instruments Including thermostats Medical thermometers, see 11.040.55)

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Publication Date

Nov. 1, 2021

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

17 pages

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