ASTM-E2948 Historical Revision Information
Standard Test Method for Conducting Rotating Bending Fatigue Tests of Solid Round Fine Wire

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Standard Test Method for Conducting Rotating Bending Fatigue Tests of Solid Round Fine Wire


1.1 This test method is intended as a procedure for the performance of rotating bending fatigue tests of solid round fine wire to obtain the fatigue strength of metallic materials at a specified life in the fatigue regime where the strains (stresses) are predominately and nominally linear elastic. This test method is limited to the fatigue testing of small diameter solid round wire subjected to a constant amplitude periodic strain (stress). The methodology can be useful in assessing the effects of internal material structure, such as inclusions, in melt technique and cold work processing studies. However, there is a caveat. The strain, due to the radial strain gradient imposed by the test methodology, is a maximum at the surface and zero at the centerline. Thus the test method may not seek out the “weakest link,” largest inclusions, that govern uniaxial high cycle fatigue life where the strain is uniform across the cross section and where fatigue damage initiates at a subsurface location (1-5).2 Also, pre-strain, which can influence fatigue life, is not included in this test method.

Note 1: The following documents, although not specifically mentioned, are considered sufficiently important to be listed in this test method:
ASTM STP 566 Handbook of Fatigue Testing
ASTM STP 588 Manual on Statistical Planning and Analysis for Fatigue Experiments
ASTM STP 731 Tables for Estimating Median Fatigue Limits (6-8)

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

Significance and Use

5.1 A method for obtaining fatigue strain (stress) at a specific life is of interest to the wire manufacturer, designer and consumer. The method is useful in production control, material acceptance and determination of the fatigue strain (stress) of the wire at a specific fatigue life, that is, fatigue strength. Rotating bending fatigue testing of small diameter solid round wire is possible by looping a specimen of predetermined length through an arc of 90° to 180°. The bending strain (stress) is determined from the geometry of the loop thusly formed. The methodology is capable of high frequency testing provided the temperature of the test article is constant and there is no adiabatic heating of the wire. A constant temperature can be maintained by immersing the specimen in a constant temperature fluid bath or test media. This makes it practical to quickly test a sufficient number of specimens to provide a statistical frequency distribution or survival probability distribution of fatigue life at a given strain (stress). Fatigue life information is useful to ascertain wire in-service durability and to assess, for example, the effects of melt practice and cold work processing.


fatigue; rotating bending; wire;; ICS Number Code 77.140.65 (Steel wire, wir ropes and link chains)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

03.01 (Metals -- Mechanical Testing; Elevated and Low-Temperature Tests; Metallography)

To find similar documents by classification:

77.140.65 (Steel wire, wire ropes and link chains Lifting link chains and wire ropes, see 53.020.30 Steel wire for springs, see 77.140.25)

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Document Number


Revision Level

2016(E1) EDITION



Modification Type

Editorially changed

Publication Date

July 1, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

10 pages

Committee Number