ASTM-E3081 › Standard Practice for Outlier Screening Using Process Compensated Resonance Testing via Swept Sine Input for Metallic and Non-Metallic Parts
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1.1 This practice describes a general procedure for using the process compensated resonance testing (PCRT) via swept sine input method to perform outlier screening on populations of newly manufactured and in-service parts. PCRT excites the resonance frequencies of metallic and non-metallic test components using a swept sine wave input over a set frequency range. PCRT detects and analyzes component resonance frequency patterns, and uses the differences in resonance patterns between acceptable and unacceptable components to perform non-destructive testing. PCRT frequency analysis compares the resonance pattern of a component to the patterns of known acceptable and unacceptable populations of the same component, and renders a pass or fail result based on the similarity of the tested component to those populations. For non-destructive testing applications with known defects or material states of interest, or both, Practice covers the development and application of PCRT sorting modules that compare test components to known acceptable and unacceptable component populations. However, some applications do not have physical examples of components with known defects or material states. Other applications experience isolated component failures with unknown causes or causes that propagate from defects that are beyond the sensitivity of the current required inspections, or both. In these cases, PCRT is applied in an outlier screening mode that develops a sorting module using only a population of presumed acceptable production components, and then compares test components for similarity to that presumed acceptable population. The resonance differences can be used to distinguish acceptable components with normal process variation from outlier components that may have material states or defects, or both, that will cause performance deficiencies. These material states and defects include, but are not limited to, cracks, voids, porosity, shrink, inclusions, discontinuities, grain and crystalline structure differences, density-related anomalies, heat treatment variations, material elastic property differences, residual stress, and dimensional variations. This practice is intended for use with instruments capable of exciting, measuring, recording, and analyzing multiple, whole body, mechanical vibration resonance frequencies in acoustic or ultrasonic frequency ranges, or both.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Some specific hazards statements are given in Section 7 on Hazards.
damage identification; elastic properties; feature extraction; nondestructive examination; nondestructive inspection; outlier screening; process compensated resonant examination; PCRT; process monitoring; production variation; quality control; resonance inspection; resonances; resonant frequency; resonant mode; resonant ultrasound spectroscopy; system health monitoring; vibration characteristics;; ICS Number Code 17.160 (Vibrations, shock and vibration measurements); 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)
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17.160 (Vibrations, shock and vibration measurements Including measuring instruments and installations Vibration and shock with respect to human beings, see 13.160 Balancing and balancing machines, see 21.120.40 Vibration protection of buildings, see 91.120.25)
19.100 (Non-destructive testing Including testing equipment: industrial apparatus for X-ray and gamma radiography, penetrant flaw detectors, etc. Non-destructive testing of welded joints, see 25.160.40 Industrial radiographic films, see 37.040.25 Non-destructive testing of metals, see 77.040.20)
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Jan. 1, 2017