ASTM-E662 › Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
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1.1 This fire-test-response standard covers determination of the specific optical density of smoke generated by solid materials and assemblies mounted in the vertical position in thicknesses up to and including 1 in. (25.4 mm).
1.2 Measurement is made of the attenuation of a light beam by smoke (suspended solid or liquid particles) accumulating within a closed chamber due to nonflaming pyrolytic decomposition and flaming combustion.
1.3 Results are expressed in terms of specific optical density which is derived from a geometrical factor and the measured optical density, a measurement characteristic of the concentration of smoke.
1.4 This test method is intended for use in research and development and not as a basis for ratings for regulatory purposes.
1.5 This standard should be used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire-hazard or fire-risk of materials, products, of assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of the test may be used as elements of a fire-hazard assessment or a fire-risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard or fire risk of a particular end use.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. Values stated in parentheses are for information only.
fire; fire-test response standard; smoke; smoke chamber; smoke density; smoke obscuration; solids; specific optical density; ICS Number Code 13.220.40 (Ignitability and burning behaviour of materials and products); 17.180.99 (Other standards related to optics and optical measurements)
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Sept. 1, 2019