ASTM-F1439 Standard Guide for Performance of Lifetime Bioassay for the Tumorigenic Potential of Implant Materials

ASTM-F1439 - 2003R18 EDITION - CURRENT
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Standard Guide for Performance of Lifetime Bioassay for the Tumorigenic Potential of Implant Materials
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Scope

1.1 This guide is intended to assist the biomaterials testing laboratory in the conduct and evaluation of tumorigenicity tests to evaluate the potential for new materials to evoke a neoplastic response. The procedure is generally reserved only for those materials which have not previously been used for human implantation for a significant period of time.

1.2 Assessment of tumorigenicity is one of several procedures employed in determining the biological response to a material as recommended in Practice F748. It is assumed that the investigator has already determined that this type of testing is necessary for a particular material before consulting this guide. The recommendations of Practice F748 should be considered before a study is commenced.

1.3 Whenever possible, it is recommended that a battery of genotoxicity procedures be initiated and proposed as an alternative to an in-vivo tumorigenicity bioassay. Genotoxicity assays may also be considered as initial screening procedures due to the sensitivity of the assays, the significant reduction in time to gain valuable data, and the desire to reduce the use of animals for testing. Genotoxicity assays that may be considered are outlined in Guides E1262, E1263, E1280, and E2186, and Practices E1397 and E1398. Additionally, other genotoxicity testing which might be considered (but which do not yet have ASTM test methods) include Salmonella/Mammalian-Microsomal Plate Incorporation Mutagenicity Assay, In Vivo Cytogenetics Bone Marrow Chromosomal Damage Assay, BALB/3T3 Morphological Transformation of Mouse Embryo Cells, and the Mouse Micronucleus Assay. The investigator is advised to consider carefully the appropriateness of a particular method for his application after a review of the published literature.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords

biocompatibility; carcinogenicity testing; tumorigenicity testing ;; ICS Number Code 11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prothetics and orthotics)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

13.01 (Medical and Surgical Materials and Devices)

To find similar documents by classification:

11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prosthetics and orthotics Including pacemakers Ophthalmic implants, see 11.040.70)

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Document Number

ASTM-F1439-03(2018)

Revision Level

2003R18 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Reapproval

Publication Date

Feb. 1, 2018

Document Type

Guide

Page Count

6 pages

Committee Number

F04.16