ASTM-F2469 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Angular Deviation of Transparent Parts Using the Double-Exposure Method

Show Complete Document History

Document Center Inc. is an authorized dealer of ASTM standards.
The following bibliographic material is provided to assist you with your purchasing decision:

Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Angular Deviation of Transparent Parts Using the Double-Exposure Method



Want this as a site license?


1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the optical angular deviation of a light ray imposed by flat transparent parts such as a commercial or military aircraft windshield, canopy, or cabin window.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1 Exceptions—The values given in parentheses are for information only. Also, print size is provided in inch-pound measurements.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

5.1 The optical angular deviation of flat transparent parts, such as aircraft windshields, canopies, cabin windows, and visors, can be measured using these methods. Angular deviation in a windscreen or visor can cause objects to appear at a location different from where they actually are. Variations in angular deviation can be used to characterize distortion and magnification in transparent parts. Also, angular deviation measurements made from the typical right and left eye positions for a windscreen or other transparent medium can be used to determine binocular disparity differences (see Test Method F1181).


angular deviation; canopy; grid board; optical deviation; transparency;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

15.03 (Space Simulation; Aerospace and Aircraft; Composite Materials)

To find similar documents by classification:

17.180.20 (Colours and measurement of light)

This document comes with our free Notification Service, good for the life of the document.

This document is available in either Paper or PDF format.

Document Number


Revision Level




Modification Type


Publication Date

May 19, 2020

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

4 pages

Committee Number