SS-EN-ISO-6976 Natural gas - Calculation of calorific values, density, relative density and Wobbe indices from composition (ISO 6976:2016)

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This document specifies methods for the calculation of gross calorific value, net calorific value, density, relative density, gross Wobbe index and net Wobbe index of natural gases, natural gas substitutes and other combustible gaseous fuels, when the composition of the gas by mole fraction is known. The methods specified provide the means of calculating the properties of the gas mixture at commonly used reference conditions.Mole fractions by definition sum to unity. Guidance on the achievement of this requirement by chromatographic analysis is available in ISO 6974-1 and ISO 6974-2.The methods of calculation require values for various physical properties of the pure components; these values, together with associated uncertainties, are provided in tables and their sources are identified.Methods are given for estimating the standard uncertainties of calculated properties.The methods of calculation of the values of properties on either a molar, mass or volume basis are applicable to any natural gas, natural gas substitute or other combustible fuel that is normally gaseous, except that for properties on the volume basis the method is restricted to mixtures for which the compression factor at reference conditions is greater than 0,9.Example calculations are given in Annex D for the recommended methods of calculation.

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Designation Name

SS-EN ISO 6976:2016

Revision Level




Publication Date

Oct. 3, 2016



Page Count


International Equivalent

EN ISO 6976:2016(IDT); ISO 6976:2016(IDT)