ASTM-D4189 Standard Test Method for Silt Density Index (SDI) of Water

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Standard Test Method for Silt Density Index (SDI) of Water



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1.1 This test method covers the determination of the silt density index (SDI) of water. This test method can be used to indicate the quantity of particulate matter in water and is applicable to relatively low (<1.0 NTU) turbidity waters such as well water, filtered water, or clarified effluent samples. Since the size, shape, and nature of particulate matter in water may vary, this test method is not an absolute measurement of the quantity of particulate matter.

1.2 This test method is not applicable for reagent grade water Types I, II, and III of Specification D1193, or effluents from most reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration systems.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

5.1 The SDI can serve as a useful indication of the quantity of particulate matter in water.

5.2 The SDI can be used to determine effectiveness of various processes such as filtration or clarification used to remove particulate matter.

5.3 The SDI has been empirically correlated with the fouling tendency of some water treatment equipment such as reverse osmosis devices.

5.4 The SDI may vary as a function of water temperature, and values obtained at different temperatures may not necessarily be comparable.

5.5 The SDI can vary with the membrane filter manufacturer. Thus, SDI values obtained with filters from different membrane manufacturers might not be comparable.


reverse osmosis; RO; SDI; silt density index;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

11.01 (Water (I))

To find similar documents by classification:

13.060.70 (Examination of biological properties of water Microbiology of water, see 07.100.20)

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Publication Date

Nov. 21, 2023

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

3 pages

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