ASTM-E1488 Standard Guide for Statistical Procedures to Use in Developing and Applying Test Methods

ASTM-E1488 - 2012 R18 EDITION - CURRENT
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This guide identifies statistical procedures for use in developing new test methods or revising or evaluating existing test methods, or both. It also cites statistical procedures especially useful in the application of test methods. This standard recommends what approaches may be taken and indicates which standards may be used to perform such assessments.

This standard introduces a series of phases which are recommended to be considered during the life cycle of a test method. These begin with a design phase where the standard is initially prepared. A development phase involves a variety of experiments that allow further refinement and understanding of how the test method performs within a laboratory. In an evaluation phase the test method is then examined by way of inter-laboratory studies resulting in precision and bias statistics which are published in the standard. Finally, the test method is subject to a monitoring phase.

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Scope

1.1 This guide identifies statistical procedures for use in developing new test methods or revising or evaluating existing test methods, or both.

1.2 This guide also cites statistical procedures especially useful in the application of test methods.

1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

4.1 The creation of a standardized test method generally follows a series of steps from inception to approval and ongoing use. In all such stages there are questions of how well the test method performs.

4.1.1 Assessments of a new or existing test method generally involve statistical planning and analysis. This standard recommends what approaches may be taken and indicates which standards may be used to perform such assessments.

4.2 This standard introduces a series of phases which are recommended to be considered during the life cycle of a test method as depicted in Fig. 1. These begin with a design phase where the standard is initially prepared. A development phase involves a variety of experiments that allow further refinement and understanding of how the test method performs within a laboratory. In an evaluation phase the test method is then examined by way of interlaboratory studies resulting in precision and bias statistics which are published in the standard. Finally, the test method is subject to a monitoring phase.

FIG. 1 Sequence of Steps

 Sequence of Steps Sequence of Steps

4.3 All ASTM test methods are required to include statements on precision and bias.3

4.4 Since ASTM began to require all test methods to have precision and bias statements that are based on interlaboratory test methods, there has been increased concern regarding what statistical experiments and procedures to use during the development of the test methods. Although there exists a wide range of statistical procedures, there is a small group of generally accepted techniques that are beneficial to follow. This guide is designed to provide a brief overview of these procedures and to suggest an appropriate sequence of carrying out these procedures.

4.5 Statistical procedures often result in interpretations that are not absolutes. Sometimes the information obtained may be inadequate or incomplete, which may lead to additional questions and the need for further experimentation. Information outside the data is also important in establishing standards and in the interpretation of numerical results.

Keywords

interlaboratory study; precision; standards development; statistical control; statistical procedure; test method; test method development; uncertainty; variability;

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

14.02 (General Test Methods; Forensic Psychophysiology; Forensic Sciences; Terminology; Conformity Assessment; Statistical Methods; Nanotechnology; Forensic Engineering; Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Products)

To find similar documents by classification:

07.020 (Mathematics Application of statistical methods in quality assurance, see 03.120.30)

19.020 (Test conditions and procedures in general)

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Document Number

ASTM-E1488-12(2018)

Revision Level

2012 R18 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Reapproval

Publication Date

April 1, 2018

Document Type

Guide

Page Count

9 pages

Committee Number

E11.20