ASTM-B697 Standard Guide for Selection of Sampling Plans for Inspection of Electrodeposited Metallic and Inorganic Coatings

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This guide covers the standard method for selecting sampling plans to be used in the inspection of electrodeposited metallic and inorganic coatings on products for the purpose of deciding whether submitted lots comply with the specifications applicable to the coatings. The characteristics of the sampling plan are expressed in terms of the Acceptable Quality Level (AQL), Limiting Quality Level (LQL), Average Outgoing Quality (AOQ), and Average Outgoing Quality Limit (AOQL). General procedures and criteria for the construction and selection of the type of sampling plan, selection of a specific plan, selection of the inspection lot, sampling and inspection of samples, and the disposition of lots are discussed fully.




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1.1 This guide gives guidance in the selection of sampling plans to be used in the inspection of electrodeposited and related coatings on products for the purpose of deciding whether submitted lots of coated products comply with the specifications applicable to the coatings. This supplements Test Method B602 by giving more information on sampling inspection and by providing additional sampling plans for the user who finds the limited choice of plans in Test Method B602 to be inadequate.

1.2 When using a sampling plan, a relatively small part of the articles in an inspection lot is selected and inspected. Based on the results, a decision is made that the inspection lot either does or does not satisfactorily conform to the specification.

1.3 This guide also contains several sampling plans. The plans are attribute plans, that is, in the application of the plans each inspected article is classified as either conforming or nonconforming to each of the coating requirements. The number of nonconforming articles is compared to a maximum allowable number. The plans are simple and relatively few. Additional plans and more complex plans that cover more situations are given in the Refs (1-7) at the end of this guide and in MIL-STD-105.

1.4 Acceptance sampling plans are used:

1.4.1 When the cost of inspection is high and the consequences of accepting a nonconforming article are not serious.

1.4.2 When 100 % inspection is fatiguing and boring and, therefore, likely to result in errors. In these cases a sampling plan may provide greater protection than 100 % inspection.

1.4.3 When inspection requires a destructive test. Here, sampling inspection must be used.

1.5 Another general type of acceptance sampling plan that is not covered in these guidelines is the variables plan in which measured values of characteristics are analyzed by statistical procedures. Such plans, when applicable, can reduce inspection cost and increase quality protection. Information on variables plans is given in Test Method B762, MIL-STD-414, ANSI/ASQC Z1.9-1979, and Refs (1-2).


ICS Number Code 25.220.40 (Metallic coatings)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

02.05 (Metallic and Inorganic Coatings; Metal Powders and Metal Powder Products)

To find similar documents by classification:

25.220.40 (Metallic coatings Including electrolytic depositions, cathodic coatings, autocatalytic coatings, etc.)

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Document Number


Revision Level

1988 R16 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

Nov. 15, 2016

Document Type


Page Count

8 pages

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