ASTM-D5313 Historical Revision Information
Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Wetting and Drying Conditions

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Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Wetting and Drying Conditions


1.1 This test method covers procedures for evaluating the durability of rock for erosion control when exposed to wetting and drying conditions.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Significance and Use

Rock used for erosion control may consist of several types, depending on potential use. One type may be armor stone weighing from one to three tons or breakwater stone weighing three to twenty tons placed along shorelines or in jetties to protect the shoreline from erosion due to the action of large waves. Another type may be riprap usually weighing less than a ton and placed along river banks or on the slopes of dams to prevent erosion due to run-off, wave action or stream-flow. A third type may be gabion-fill weighing less than 22 kg (50 lb) and placed in baskets of wire or other suitable material. These baskets are then tied together to form an integral structure designed to resist erosion along stream banks and around bridge piers. No matter what form it takes, rock for erosion control consists of individual pieces of natural stone. The ability of these individual pieces of stone to resist deterioration due to weathering action affects the stability of the integral placement of rock for erosion control and hence, the stability of construction projects, shorelines, and streambanks.

This test method is designed to determine the effects on the individual pieces of rock for erosion control of wetting and drying action and the resistance of the rock to deterioration. This test method was developed to be used in conjunction with additional test methods listed in Practice D 4992. This test method does not provide an absolute value but rather an indication of the resistance to wetting and drying; therefore, the results of this test method are not to be used as the sole basis for the determination of rock durability.

Note 1—The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependant upon the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing and sampling. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluation some of those factors.


armor stone; breakwater stone; climatic setting; erosion control; gabion-fill; laboratory testing; riprap; rock; rock material properties; wetting-drying; ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

04.08 (Soil and Rock (I): D420 - D5876)

To find similar documents by classification:

93.020 (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works Including geotechnics Earth-moving machinery, see 53.100)

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Document Number


Revision Level




Modification Type


Publication Date

Jan. 1, 2004

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

3 pages

Committee Number