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Standard Test Method for Available Cyanide with Ligand Displacement and Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection

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Standard Test Method for Available Cyanides with Ligand Displacement and Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection


1.1 This method is used to determine the concentration of available inorganic cyanide in an aqueous wastewater or effluent. The method detects the cyanides that are free (HCN and CN-) and metal-cyanide complexes that are easily dissociated into free cyanide ions. The method does not detect the less toxic strong metal-cyanide complexes, cyanides that are not "amenable to chlorination."

1.2 Total cyanide can be determined for samples that have been distilled as described in Test Methods D 2036, Test Method A, Total Cyanides after Distillation. The cyanide complexes are dissociated and absorbed into the sodium hydroxide capture solution, which can be analyzed with this test method; therefore, ligand exchange reagents from sections 8.12 and 8.13 would not be required when determining total cyanide after distillation.

1.3 This procedure is applicable over a range of approximately 2 to 400 μg/L (parts per billion) available cyanide. Higher concentrations can be analyzed by dilution or lower injection volume.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Note 2 and Section 9.

Significance and Use

Cyanide and hydrogen cyanide are highly toxic. Regulations have been established to require the monitoring of cyanide in industrial and domestic wastes and surface waters.4

This test method is applicable for natural water, saline waters, and wastewater effluent.

The method may be used for process control in wastewater treatment facilities.

The spot test outlined in Test Methods D 2036, Annex A1 can be used to detect cyanide and thiocyanate in water or wastewater, and to approximate its concentration.


amperometry; available cyanide; cyanide; cyanide amenable to chlorination; flow injection analysis; free cyanide; gas diffusion membrane; ligand exchange; silver electrode; weak acid dissociable cyanide; ICS Number Code 17.120.10 (Flow in closed conduits)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

11.02 (Water (II))

To find similar documents by classification:

17.120.10 (Flow in closed conduits Gas meters in buildings, see 91.140.40 Water meters in buildings, see 91.140.60)

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Publication Date

June 1, 2004

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

7 pages

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