ASTM-E1316 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations



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1.1 This standard defines the terminology used in the standards prepared by the E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing. These nondestructive testing (NDT) methods include: acoustic emission, electromagnetic testing, gamma- and X-radiology, leak testing, liquid penetrant examination, magnetic particle examination, neutron radiology and gaging, ultrasonic examination, and other technical methods.

1.2 Section A defines terms that are common to multiple NDT methods, whereas, the subsequent sections define terms pertaining to specific NDT methods. An alphabetical list of the terms defined in this standard is given in Appendix X1, which also identifies the section in which each term is defined.

1.3 As shown on the chart below, when nondestructive testing produces an indication, the indication is subject to interpretation as false, nonrelevant or relevant. If it has been interpreted as relevant, the necessary subsequent evaluation will result in the decision to accept or reject the material. With the exception of accept and reject, which retain the meaning found in most dictionaries, all the words used in the chart are defined in Section A.


Claudia's Notes:
The terms found in ASTM E1316-13 are intended to be used uniformly and consistently in all ASTM nondestructive testing standards.  The purpose of the standard is to promote a clear understanding and interpretation of those NDT standards in which they are used.

See ASTM Volume 03.03 (link below) for a complete listing of ASTM standards on Nondestructive Testing.


nondestructive examinations; NDT methods; terminology; ICS Number Code 01.040.19 (Testing (Vocabularies)); 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

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03.03 (Nondestructive Testing)

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01.040.19 (Testing (Vocabularies))

19.100 (Non-destructive testing Including testing equipment: industrial apparatus for X-ray and gamma radiography, penetrant flaw detectors, etc. Non-destructive testing of welded joints, see 25.160.40 Industrial radiographic films, see 37.040.25 Non-destructive testing of metals, see 77.040.20)

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Publication Date

June 9, 2022

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Page Count

40 pages

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