ASTM-F963 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

ASTM-F963 - 2017 EDITION - CURRENT
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Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety
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Scope

1.1 This specification2 relates to possible hazards that may not be recognized readily by the public and that may be encountered in the normal use for which a toy is intended or after reasonably foreseeable abuse. It does not purport to cover every conceivable hazard of a particular toy. This specification does not cover product performance or quality, except as related to safety. Except for the labeling requirements pointing out the functional hazards and age range for which the toy is intended, this specification has no requirements for those aspects of a toy that present an inherent and recognized hazard as part of the function of the toy. Such an example is a sharp point necessary for the function of a needle. The needle is an inherent hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and this hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process.

1.2 On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of this specification.

1.3 This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.

1.4 Articles not covered by this specification are as follows:
 Bicycles
 Tricycles
 Non-Powered Scooters
  (see Consumer Safety Specification F2264)
 Recreational Powered Scooters and Pocket Bikes
  (see Consumer Safety Specification F2641)
 Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts
 Playground equipment
 Non-powder guns
 Kites
 Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not
  primarily of play value
 Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of
  play value
 Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in
  which the material itself or the finished item is not
  primarily of play value, except that all art materials,
  whether or not a component of a toy, shall comply with
  LHAMA, in accordance with 4.29.1 – 4.29.3.
 Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment,
  musical instruments, juvenile products, and furniture;
  however, toys that are their counterparts are covered.
  (It is recognized that there is often a fine line between,
  for example, a musical instrument or a sporting item
  and its toy counterpart. The intention of the producer
  or distributor, as well as normal use and reasonably
  foreseeable abuse, determines whether the item is a
  toy counterpart.)
 Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land
  vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are
  covered.
 Constant air inflatables

1.5 General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.

1.6 Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2.

1.7 This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:

Title

Section

Scope

1

Referenced Documents

2

Terminology

3

Safety Requirements

4

 Material Quality

4.1

 Flammability

4.2

 Toxicology

4.3

 Electrical/Thermal Energy

4.4

 Sound-Producing Toys

4.5

 Small Objects

4.6

 Accessible Edges

4.7

 Projections

4.8

 Accessible Points

4.9

 Wires or Rods

4.10

 Nails and Fasteners

4.11

 Plastic Film

4.12

 Folding Mechanisms and Hinges

4.13

 Cords, Straps, and Elastics

4.14

 Stability and Over-Load Requirements

4.15

 Confined Spaces

4.16

 Wheels, Tires, and Axles

4.17

 Holes, Clearance, and Accessibility of Mechanisms

4.18

 Simulated Protective Devices

4.19

 Pacifiers

4.20

 Projectile Toys

4.21

 Teethers and Teething Toys

4.22

 Rattles

4.23

 Squeeze Toys

4.24

 Battery-Operated Toys

4.25

 Toys Intended to be Attached to a Crib

 

     or Playpen

4.26

 Stuffed and Beanbag-Type Toys

4.27

 Stroller and Carriage Toys

4.28

 Art Materials

4.29

 Toy Gun Marking

4.30

 Balloons

4.31

 Certain Toys with Nearly Spherical Ends

4.32

 Marbles

4.33

 Balls

4.34

 Pompoms

4.35

 Hemispheric-Shaped Objects

4.36

 Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toys

4.37

 Magnets

4.38

 Jaw Entrapment in Handles and Steering Wheels

4.39

 Expanding Materials

4.40

 Toy Chests

4.41

Labeling Requirements

5

Instructional Literature

6

Producer's Markings

7

Test Methods

8

 General

8.1

 Testing for Hazardous Substance Content

8.2

 Test Methods for Determination of Heavy Element
  Content in Toys, Toy Components and Materials

8.3

 Tests for Cleanliness and Preservative Effectiveness

8.4

 Normal Use Testing

8.5

 Abuse Testing

8.6

 Impact Tests

8.7

 Torque Tests for Removal of Components

8.8

 Tension Test for Removal of Components

8.9

 Compression Test

8.10

 Tests for Tire Removal and Snap-in Wheel and

 

   Axle Assembly Removal

8.11

 Flexure Test

8.12

 Test for Mouth-Actuated Toys and Mouth-Actuated Projectile
    Toys

8.13

 Projectiles

8.14

  Test for Stability of Ride-On Toys or Toy Seats

8.15

  Pompoms

8.16

 Stalled Motor Test for Battery-Operated Toys

8.17

 Tests for Battery-Powered Ride-On Toys

8.18

  Test for Toys that Contain Secondary Cells or Batteries

8.19

 Tests for Toys which Produce Noise

8.20

 Dynamic Strength Test for Wheeled Ride-On Toys

8.21

 Plastic Film Thickness

8.22

 Test for Loops and Cords

8.23

 Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toy Test Methods

8.24

 Magnet Test Methods

8.25

 Test Methods for Locking Mechanisms or

 

   Other Means

8.26

  Tests for Toy Chest Lids and Closures

8.27

  Test for Overload of Ride-On Toys and Toy Seats

8.28

  Stuffing Materials Evaluation

8.29

  Expanding Materials – Test Method

8.30

Identification

9

Age Grading Guidelines

Annex A1

Packaging and Shipping

Annex A2

Design Guidelines for Toys Attached to Cribs

 

   or Playpens

Annex A3

Design Guidelines for Bath Toy Projections

Annex A4

Flammability Testing Procedure for Solids and Soft Toys

Annex A5

Flammability Testing Procedure for Fabrics

Annex A6

Compositing Procedure for Total Heavy Metal Analysis

Annex A7

Design Guidelines for Battery Operated Toys

Annex A8

Rationale for 2007 Revisions

Annex A9

Rationale for 2008 Revisions

Annex A10

Rationale for 2011 Revisions

Annex A11

Rationale for 2016 Revisions

Annex A12

1.8 The values stated first are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.9 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords

battery-operated toys; children; safety labeling; safety testing; toy safety requirements;; ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

15.11 (Consumer Products; Light Sport Aircraft; Unmanned Aircraft Systems; Normal and Utility Category Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems; Unmanned Maritime Vehicle Systems (UMVS))

To find similar documents by classification:

97.200.50 (Toys Including safety of toys)

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Document Number

ASTM-F963-17

Revision Level

2017 EDITION

Status

Current

Modification Type

Revision

Publication Date

Aug. 15, 2017

Document Type

Specification

Page Count

90 pages

Committee Number

F15.22