ASTM-D4007 Historical Revision Information
Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

ASTM-D4007 - 2011 R16 EDITION - SUPERSEDED
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Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)
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Scope

1.1 This test method describes the laboratory determination of water and sediment in crude oils by means of the centrifuge procedure. This centrifuge method for determining water and sediment in crude oils is not entirely satisfactory. The amount of water detected is almost always lower than the actual water content. When a highly accurate value is required, the revised procedures for water by distillation, Test Method D4006 (API MPMS Chapter 10.2) (Note 1), and sediment by extraction, Test Method D473 (API MPMS Chapter 10.1), shall be used.

Note 1: Test Method D4006 (API MPMS Chapter 10.2) has been determined to be the preferred and most accurate method for the determination of water.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.2.1 Exception—The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements appear in 6.1, 8.3, and A1.5.4.

Significance and Use

4.1 The water and sediment content of crude oil is significant because it can cause corrosion of equipment and problems in processing. A determination of water and sediment content is required to measure accurately net volumes of actual oil in sales, taxation, exchanges, and custody transfers. It is not anticipated that this test method, which is written with a dedicated laboratory facility in mind, is likely to be used in field test rooms or sample rooms due to safety concerns for proper ventilation and handling.

4.2 This test method may not be suitable for crude oils that contain alcohols that are soluble in water. In cases where the impact on the results may be significant, the user is advised to consider using another test method, such as Test Method D4928 (API MPMS Chapter 10.9).

Keywords

centrifuge; centrifuge tube; crude oil; laboratory procedure; sampling; sediment and water; solvent;; ICS Number Code 75.040 (Crude petroleum)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

05.02 (Petroleum Products and Lubricants (II): D3711 - D6122)

To find similar documents by classification:

75.040 (Crude petroleum)

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Document Number

ASTM-D4007-11(2016)

Revision Level

2011 R16 EDITION

Status

Superseded

Modification Type

Reapproval

Publication Date

July 1, 2016

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

12 pages

Committee Number

D02.02