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Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Crc L-38 Spark-Ignition Engine, Standard Test

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Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the CRC L-38 Spark-Ignition Engine (Withdrawn 2003)


1.1 This engine oil test method covers the evaluation of automotive engine oils (SAE grades 5W 10W, 20, 30, 40, and 50, and multiviscosity grades) intended for use in either spark-ignition gasoline engines, or in diesel engines. The test procedure is conducted using a carbureted, spark-ignition Cooperative Lubrication Research (CLR) Oil Test Engine (referred to as the L-38 engine in this test method). An oil is evaluated for protection against engine and oil deterioration under high-temperature, heavy-duty service conditions. The test method can also be used to evaluate the viscosity stability of multiviscosity-graded oils.

1.2 The two measures of engine deterioration used in this test method are (1) weight loss of copper-lead bearings used in the test power section, and (2) varnish and sludge deposits on power section parts.

1.3 The two measures of oil deterioration used in this test method are (1) the change in the acid number of the oil, and (2) the change in the viscosity of the oil during the test period.

1.4 Correlation of test results with those obtained in automotive service has not been established. Furthermore, the results obtained in this test method are not necessarily indicative of results that will be obtained in a full-scale automotive spark-ignition or compression-ignition engine, or in an engine operated under conditions different from those of the test method. The test can be used to compare one oil with another.

Note 1--Companion test methods used to evaluate engine oil performance for specification requirements include the following current versions of single-cylinder and multicylinder engine tests:

ASTM STP 509A, Single Cylinder Engine Tests for Evaluating the Performance of Crankcase Lubricants
Part I, Caterpillar 1G2 Test Method
Part II, Caterpillar 1H2 Test Method
ASTM STP 315H, Multicylinder Test Sequences for Evaluating Engine Oils
Part 1, Sequence IID
Part 2, Sequence IIID
Part 3, Sequence V-D
ASTM Research Report RR:D2-1225 Sequence IIIE, Multicylinder Test Sequence for Evaluating Automotive Engine Oils
ASTM D02 Proposal P212, Proposed Test Method for VE Test Procedure
Also, see Engine Oil Tests-SAE J304 for details on these and other engine oil test methods.

1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard; except for the case of bearing weight measurements, for which the unit is milligram; and except for viscosity measurements, for which the temperatures of measurement are expressed in oC (degrees Celsius). SI values are given in parentheses. In cases where materials, products, or equipment are available only in inch-pound units, SI units are omitted.

1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.See Note 2.

1.6 This test method is arranged as follows:

Scope 1
Referenced Documents2
Summary of Test Method4
Significance and Use5
Laboratory Equipment Corporation6.1
Fabricated or Specially Prepared Items6.2
Instruments and Controls6.3
Procurement of Parts6.4
Reagents and Materials7
Test Oil Sample Requirements8
Preparation of Apparatus9
Test Stand Preparation9.1
Conditioning Test Run on Power Section9.2
General Power Section Rebuild Instructions9.3
Reconditioning of Power Section After Each Test9.4
Power Section and Test Stand Calibration10.1
Instrumentation Calibration10.2
Engine Operating Procedure11
Run-In and Flush11.1
Intermediate Bearing Weight Loss Checks11.2
Test Operating Conditions11.3
Warm-up Schedule11.4
Air-Fuel Ratio and Spark Advance11.5
Off-Gas and Blowby Measurement11.6
Shutdown and Oil-Drain Procedure11.7
Oil Sampling and Oil Addition11.8
Oil Consumption Computation11.9
Periodic Measurements11.10
Determination of Test Results12
Report 13
Precision and Bias14
Use of ASTM Rounding15
Specification for Soltrol 10 A1
Measurement of Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance and Journal TaperA2
Measurement of Main Bearing ClearanceA3
The ASTM Test Monitoring Center Calibration ProgramA4
Data Log SheetsA5
Measurement of Piston-to-Sleeve ClearanceA6
Control Chart Technique for a Laboratory's Severity Adjustment (SA)A7
Recommended New Liner Honing ProcedureA8
L-38 Oil Priming ProcedureA9
Alternative Crankcase Breather ConfigurationsA10
Connecting Rod Bearing Cleaning ProcedureA11
Electronic Ignition Conversion ProcedureA12
System Response ProcedureA13
Air-Fuel Ratio MeasurementA14
Report FormsA15
Data DictionaryA16
Stripped Viscosity Measurement ProcedureA17
Role of the ASTM Test Monitoring Center and the Calibration ProgramX1
Suggested Method for Salvaging Camshaft Bearing JournalsX2


bearing corrosion; bearing weight loss; CLR oil test engine; copper-lead bearings; deposits; engine oil; L-38 test; oil consumption; oxidation resistance; shear stability; sludge; varnish; viscosity loss; ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

05.02 (Petroleum Products and Lubricants (II): D3711 - D6122)

05.03 (Petroleum Products and Lubricants (III): D6138 - D6971)

To find similar documents by classification:

75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products Including mineral oils, fluids for metal working and for temporary protection against corrosion Lubrication systems, see 21.260 Insulating oils, see 29.035.40)

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Publication Date

April 10, 1998

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

52 pages

Committee Number