ASTM-E303 Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Frictional Properties Using the British Pendulum Tester

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Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Frictional Properties Using the British Pendulum Tester



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1.1 This test method covers the procedure for measuring surface frictional properties using the British pendulum skid resistance tester.2 A method for calibration of the tester is included in Annex A1.

1.2 The British pendulum tester is a dynamic pendulum impact-type tester used to measure the energy loss when a rubber slider edge is propelled over a test surface. The tester is suited for laboratory as well as field tests on flat surfaces, and for polish value measurements on curved laboratory specimens from accelerated polishing wheel tests.

1.3 The values measured, BPN = British pendulum (tester) number for flat surfaces and polish values for accelerated polishing wheel specimens, represent the frictional properties obtained with the apparatus and the procedures stated herein and do not necessarily agree or correlate with other slipperiness measuring equipment.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Significance and Use

4.1 This test method provides a measure of a frictional property, microtexture of surfaces, either in the field or in the laboratory.

4.2 This test method may be used to determine the relative effects of various polishing processes on materials or material combinations.

4.3 The values measured in accordance with this method do not necessarily agree or directly correlate with those obtained utilizing other methods of determining friction properties or skid resistance.

Note 1: BPN and polish values from similar types of surfaces will not be numerically equal, primarily because of the differences in slide length and surface shape. Theoretical correction of the polish values to obtain numerical equality, either by mathematical manipulation or by use of special measuring scales, is not recommended.


ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

To find similar documents by ASTM Volume:

04.03 (Road and Paving Materials; Vehicle-Pavement Systems)

To find similar documents by classification:

17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

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Document Number


Revision Level

1993 R18 EDITION



Modification Type


Publication Date

May 1, 2018

Document Type

Test Method

Page Count

6 pages

Committee Number